Golf is a sport where individual players hit a golf ball into a hole using many types of clubs including drivers, woods, irons, putters, and specialty clubs. Precision, endurance, mental strength are essential qualities for this sport.
Golf takes off first and second half of the nineteenth century with the arrival of professionalism and private clubs in Scotland and England, which was established in 1860 the first British Open played by professionals; then in the early twentieth century with the First World War that redefines the world hierarchy where the Americans reached to end the hegemony of the British. After the Second World War, golf is the arrival of other nations such as South Africa, Germany, Spain, South Korea, Japan or Australia and globalization in the late twentieth century.
The stroke-play format means a game of golf in which the course is accomplished by taking into account all the moves played and also beating a penalty of 1 to 18th hole. This formula is generally used for all competitions professionals with the exception of the Ryder Cup, amateur or professional. The aim is to achieve the smallest number of moves. Scores are determined “by” to facilitate comparisons between golfers. For example, a player who will make 3 shots over the “” by “” will see his picture score to “3”. If you play it with you to “0”. The player who has done “0” a better player that I played which was “3”. Competition for several days, simply add all the scores. So if a player has done “0”, “3”, “-1″ and “2” has played a total of “4”.
If participants are tied after all rounds, then organized a round elimination for the tie. The elimination round is determined in advance and may be made on a hole to complete a course. If players are still tied at the end of the elimination round, the game continues in the format of the “sudden death” in which the first to finish the hole wins the tournament. Among the 4 major tournaments of the Grand Slam of golf, a Masters elimination round on a hole, the U.S. Open over 18 holes, the British Open on 4 holes and 3 holes on USPGA. The majority of professional tournaments organize the elimination rounds on a single hole.
Unlike stroke play, with a stroke unit, the unit score of the match-play is the hole. Each hole can be earned one point. The golfer has the lowest score on a hole wins a point. If golfers are tied, then the hole is considered to be shared.
At the beginning of the game, the scores are zero. The scores are saved in the sense that a player leads to another player. For example, if a player A has won 3 holes, and that Player B has won a hole and they shared 2 (or more), we say that Player A leads the party, with “2-up” (3 holes won minus 1 hole lost).
A team leading by N holes with N holes remaining to play is declared a “sleep-N” or simply “sleep”, which means they need a hole tied to win the game (or conversely, the other team must win all the remaining holes to play to tie the game).
The game is over once the team loses (which is down N) can not catch the leading team (which is N up).